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Answers to commonly asked questions:
There are many different parts of the eye that help to create vision. We actually "see" with our brains; our eyes only collect visual information to begin this very complex process.
*Light passes through the cornea which is the clear, dome shaped surface covering the front of the eye. The cornea "refracts the incoming light.
*The iris, which is the colored part of the eye, regulates the pupil size, the opening that controls the amount of light entering the eye.
*The lens is right behind the pupil, it is the clear part of the eye which further focuses light, or an image, onto the retina.
*The retina is a very thin, delicate photosensitive tissue containing the "photoreceptor" cells that convert light into electrical signals.
*These electrical signals are further processed and travel from the retina of the eye to the brain through the optic nerve, a bundle of approximately one million nerve fibers.
Acomprehensive dilated eye exam is a painless procedure in which and eye care professional examines your eyes to look for common vision problems and eye diseases, many of which have fo early warning signs. Reguler comprehensive eye exams can help you protect your sight and assure you are seeing your best.
You should have a comprehensive dilated eye exam every one to two years, but that may depend on your age, risk factors, and if you are already wearing corrective lenses. Contact lens wear, visual changes, and family history of diseases of the eye indicate the need for more frequent comprehensive eye exams. Your doctor will evaluate the factors and discuss when you should return for follow up care.
AGE RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION:
Age related macular degeneration usually occurs in people who are age 50 and older. As people age, the risk increases. Other risk factors include:
SMOKING. Research shows that smoking increases the risk of AMD two-fold.
RACE. Caucasians are much more likely to get AMD than people of African descent.
FAMILY HISTORY. People with a family history of AMD are at higher risk.
The risk of cataract increases as you get older. Other risk factors of cataract include:
Certain diseases such as diabetes.
Personal behavior such as smoking and alcohol use.
The environment such as prolonged exposure to sunlight.
All people with diabetic retinopathy- both type 1 and type 2- are at risk.
During pregnancy, diabetic retinopathy may be a problem for women with diabetes.
The longer a person has diabetes, the greater his/her chances of developing diabetic retinopathy.
Anyone can develop glaucoma. Some people, listed below, are at higher risk than others:
African Americans over age 40.
Everyone over age 60. especially Mexican Americans.
People with a family history of glaucoma.